The primary function of a charge controller in a stand-alone PV system is to maintain the battery at highest possible state of charge while protecting it from overcharge by the array and from over discharge by the loads. Any system that has unpredictable loads, user intervention, optimized or undersized battery storage (to minimize initial cost) typically requires a battery charge controller. The algorithm or control strategy of a battery charge controller determines the effectiveness of battery charging and PV array utilization, and ultimately the ability of the system to meet the load demands. Additional features such as temperature compensation, alarms, meters, remote voltage sense leads and special algorithms can enhance the ability of a charge controller to maintain the health and extend the lifetime of a battery, as well as providing an indication of operational status to the system caretaker.
Important functions of battery charge controllers and system controls are:
Prevent Battery Overcharge: To limit the energy supplied to the battery by the PV array when thebattery becomes fully charged.
Prevent Battery Over discharge: To disconnect the battery from electrical loads when the batteryreaches low state of charge.
Provide Load Control Functions: To automatically connect and disconnect an electrical load at aspecified time, for example operating a lighting load from sunset to sunrise.
RajiVihaan Provides varies types of the Charge Controller which also provide uninterrupted power supply via taking Grid Power, Solar Power, Wind Power and Gen Sets power as a input Source and deliver uninterrupted power supply to the user.